Demystifying Copy Trading Vocabulary and Lingo: A Comprehensive Guide to Common Terms and Phrases

Copy trading has quickly become one of the most sought-after investment practices among investors of all levels, enabling them to replicate trades automatically from experienced traders.

Like any financial endeavor, copy trading comes with its own language and terminology – gaining an understanding of these is key for successfully navigating its landscape and making informed investment decisions. This comprehensive guide demystifies some of these terms to give a firm foundation for your journey into copy trading.

Copy Trading:

Copy trading is a type of social trading that allows investors to mirror the trades of experienced traders on a specific platform, directly replicating them with proportional investment amounts in your account. By doing this, they can benefit from the knowledge and expertise of experienced traders while developing valuable trading skills and strategies themselves.

Social Trading:

Social trading is an investment approach that blends traditional trading techniques with social networking features to enable investors to follow, interact with, and learn from other traders by sharing trading ideas, strategies, insights and information with them. A subset of this form of social investing called copy trading specializes specifically on automatic replication of trades by investing robots.

Signal Provider:

A signal provider is an experienced trader whose trades are replicated and followed by other investors on a copy trading platform. Sometimes known as copied traders or strategy providers, signal providers typically receive compensation based on either the number of followers they have or on volume executed by those following them.

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Followers (also referred to as “copiers”) are investors who copy the trades of signal providers on copy trading platforms, replicating their trades exactly. Followers have access to various providers based on various factors like historical performance, risk management strategies and asset classes available.

Copy Trading Platform:

A copy trading platform is an online service that facilitates copy trading by connecting signal providers with followers. Such platforms typically provide performance metrics, trader profiles and social networking features to assist followers with researching, evaluating and conversing with their signal providers. Popular copy trading platforms include eToro, ZuluTrade and Darwinex – among many others.

Trade Replication:

Trade replication refers to the process by which a follower’s account automatically executes identical trades as the signal provider they follow. Usually carried out through copy trading platforms, this process ensures trades are replicated in real time and proportionally according to follower investment levels.

Proportional Copying:

Proportional copying is a feature offered by many copy trading platforms which adjusts replicated trade sizes proportionately according to an account balance ratio between followers and signal providers, so as to enable followers with smaller accounts to take part without incurring excessive risk. This ensures they can participate without taking on too much financial exposure.

Copy Stop Loss (CSL):
On certain copy trading platforms, Copy Stop Loss (CSL) is a risk management feature enabling followers to set a maximum loss threshold for their replicated trades and when cumulative losses exceed this limit, CSL automatically terminates their copy trading relationship to protect their remaining account balance and ensure no further losses occur from replicated trades.


Drawdown, or decline in account value between its peak and lowest point, is an integral component of copy trading; in particular it serves as an important measure for evaluating signal provider risk profiles – with lower maximum drawdown indicating more conservative risk management approaches.

Win Rate

(also referred to as success rate) measures the proportion of profitable trades executed by traders. A higher win rate indicates greater success with their trading strategy; nonetheless, its measurement remains crucial for overall trading success.

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